Non-economic Emigration Factors that Might be Pushing Citizens Out of Lithuania


  • Thomas Andrew Bryer The University of Central Florida
  • Rimantas Rauleckas Kaunas University of Technology
  • Vishnu Murealeedharan Kaunas University of Technology
  • Eglė Butkevičienė Kaunas University of Technology
  • Jolanta Vaičiūnienė Kaunas University of Technology
  • Eglė Vaidelytė Kaunas University of Technology
  • Ramunė Miežanskienė KTU



Emigration, Push / Pull Factors, Lithuania


Based on a systematic and comprehensive review of literature on emigration, we identify potential non-economic push factors that might drive Lithuanian citizens to emigrate. Based on a random sample nationwide survey conducted in spring 2019 with Lithuanian citizens living in Lithuania, two categories have emerged as most critical non-economic drivers to lead to higher intention to emigrate: quality of working life and confidence in the future. Further research can add necessary nuance to understanding these factors while also experimenting with possible policy and project interventions that can reduce intent to emigrate and/or encourage return migration. This research is implemented under the project "The importance of non-economic factors to the emigration of the Lithuanian population", funded by the Research Council of Lithuania under the Programme "Improvement of researchers' qualification by implementing world-class R&D projects" (Agreement No. 09.3.3-LMT-K-712-01-170).