Conceptions of Emergency Management Policy Formation and their Implementation
Keywords:emergency management policy, formation of policy, level of implementation of policy.
Modern society expects a policy that promotes growth economy, meets rapidly increasing demands
and ensures welfare work. This requires developing technologies that produce both new observable and
latent risks. As a result of modernization both the number and the extent of disasters increases, new kinds
of emergency situations arise. It is the State’s responsibility to ensure security of the public. Therefore it
aims to develop an effective Emergency Management (EM) System. The creation or development of any
system primarily starts from formation of a policy focusing on its main problems. In order to improve
performance if EM policy it is necessary to formulate it properly and consistently implement it. Therefore
the aim of this paper is to analyze and evaluate the features of formation and implementation of EM policy.
In the first chapter the concepts of formation of EM policy are assessed, the levels of implementation
are identified. In the others peculiarities and problems of each level (national, decentralized and private
sector) of policy implementation are analyzed.
In order to achieve this aim, the author has analyzed works of policy oriented scientists, EM policy
plans of foreign countries, other documents presenting practical issues of formation and implementation
of EM policy. Also practice in Lithuania was investigated by presenting a survey questionnaire for the
EM system professionals and for the public.