Social Guarantees of Public Servants: an Experience of the EU Member States
Keywords:public service, social guarantees, social guarantees of public servants.
The purpose of the paper is to analyze the EU member states experience of social guarantees of public servants.
There is no universal concept of social guaranties, but the analysis of practice of different states helps to explain it. In
most cases, social guarantees cover the entire range of legislation identified by social rights (various holidays, medical
insurance, a range of benefits, compensation and other support). Civil servants’ wages usually consist of several
components: basic salary, bonuses and benefits (of family, concessionary travel: home to office travel, relocation
expenses, compensation for loss or damage to personal property, qualification-related allowances, functions-related
allowances, performance-related pay, the premium for work in another country, special annual payments and so on).
Typically, public servants shall be entitled to annual, maternity, paternity, disease and various special leaves. The
duration and payment system of leaves vary depending on each country’s specificities.