The Main Trends and Principles of Public Administration Development throughout the World and in Latvia
Keywords:state, public administration, local government, reform, region, territory, policy, model.
Further development of state adminstration and local government reforms is connected with the use of
such issues and principles as decentralisation and deconcentration of public administration, separation of
strategy from the provision of services, diminishing the gap between democracy and efficiency, enhancing
the citizens participation and mutual trust of citizens in government and vice versa, creation of “entrepreneural”
governments, principle of evaluation, reducing bureaucracy and increasing the openness,
principle of diversity and possibility of choice, principle of simplifications, improving the quality of public
service improving the political and administrative culture and integration of various institutions, reforms
and activities in the context of the EU.
The model of integration has been worked out by the Department of Public Administration of the University
of Latvia and the Latvian Statistical Institute. The novelty of the model is that it proposes both vertical
and horizontal communications of different institutions and people in the process of implementation
of public administration reforms, local governance, national development planning and regional policy,
beginning from the European Commission and ending with the citizens.