Housing Policy for Low-Income Communities in Indonesia and Its Reforms: An Overview
Keywords:Housing policy, Indonesia, New Public Management, Post New Public Management, Low-Income, Communities, Būsto politika, Indonezija, Naujoji viešoji vadyba, Paskelbti naują viešąjį valdymą, Mažas pajamas gaunančios bendruomenės
This article aims at discussing the New Public Management (NPM) approach that has been implemented in housing policies for low-income communities (MBR) in Indonesia and specifically describes how the NPM approach has diametrical relevance to the post-NPM approach. This research method uses a review approach. The data collection technique is through searching various sources and literature, both from NPM theories, regulations and historical documents on housing policy in Indonesia. Data analysis used in this study uses several stages, i.e., first a brief description of the history of Indonesia’s housing policy during the Old Order, New Order s provided; the second stage focuses on the new order or reform era and explains how the housing approach for MBR in Indonesia has adopted the NPM policy, and the final section presents the direction of the housing policy reform in Indonesia based on the post-NPM paradigm. The result of the study indicates that the NPM approach in the context of housing policy for low-income communities (MBR) in Indonesia has not been fully able to overcome housing problems for low-income communities (MBR) and in principle the NPM approach requires socio-cultural, economic and political adaptation of Indonesia. The main point of this article is to encourage the realisation of an ideal housing policy for low-income communities (MBR) in the future through the application of a post-NPM approach as a correction and evaluation instrument while at the same time encouraging the housing policy reform for low-income communities (MBR) in Indonesia.
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