The Motivation Analysis of Lithuanian Police Officers
Keywords:motivation system, statutory civil service, motivating factors
AbstractStatutory civil service – one of the leading function for ensuring of public safety, which guarantees human and public security in a country, thus, this is the reason of high professional, ethical and moral requirements for statutory civil servants. Motivation and encouragement process is required in the implementation of the assigned tasks for effective statutory civil service. Motivation - promoting process as an employee is directed to a specific activity and motivating factors or “motivators” encourage individuals to take an activity in order to realize certain needs, using internal and external factors. Motive – an internal incentive, impulse or reason to do something or it is a factor, which encourages a person to work.
The status of a police officer consists of the following motivating factors: employment content, operating conditions, wage, social guarantees, service period (pension), annual leave, service responsibility, career, assessment, encouragements and awards. These are the main factors, which purpose is to motivate properly officers to serve qualitatively a selected service as well as the persons who are pretending to be officers.
However, the provided motivating factors are not effective because of difficult financial situation in Lithuania and constantly decreasing social guarantees. This could be conformed by the done research, which reveals a significant difference between expectations and correspondences of police officers to have an effective motivation system in an internal service. The main reasons determining a weak motivation and encouragement system for serving in a civil service in Lithuania: low wages, bad working conditions, weak social guarantees and career chances.
Motivation of Civil Servants