Intellectual Property as a Factor for E-Government and E-Business Development


  • AustÄ— KraujelytÄ— Mykolas Romeris University


knowledge, intellectual property, e. government, e. business.


Under current conditions of knowledge economy intellectual property is one of the most important factor and
resource for scientific, economic, and social development. Acquisition and management of this resource is crucial
not only for business undertakings or public entities, but also for states in a broader sense. Intellectual property or
knowledge is source of innovation in all spheres of life and especially in electronic space. Electronic space embraces
such fields as e-democracy, e-government, e-business, e-health, e-learning and others. However, it is important
to analyse e-government and e-business, as these fields in many European states are among priorities of knowledge
society development. Moreover, e-business and e-government are knowledge and innovation intensive spheres,
which have possibilities to exploit possibilities of intellectual property and create knowledge-based economy.
However intellectual property as a resource is very complex, time intensive and requires substantial financial and
technical resources. Frequently creation, acquisition, and usage of intellectual property involve several social
groups, for ex. Science and business communities or science and state institutions.
The aim of this paper is to analyse main trends in intellectual property transfer between science, business, and
state institutions in e-government and e-business context and show the importance of intellectual property to the
development of these fields. The paper analyses intellectual property transfer between science, business and state
institutions, potential of intellectual property usage for e-government and e-business development, principles of
foreign knowledge transfer examples and possibilities to adapt these principles in Lithuanian context. There is
analysed prevailing concept of intellectual property and its transfer and initiatives of e-government and e-business.
Conclusions underline importance of intellectual property transfer to e-government and e-business development
in Lithuania and proposes model of intellectual property, which is formed according to foreign experience and
Lithuanian context.