Triumph and Failure of Political „Left“ in Lithuania
Keywords:power and citizens, post-communist transition, political „left“, political „right“, former communists.
Despite to the ambiguity of the political processes, the fall of the communist system and the re-establishment
of the independence of Lithuania were closely related. Post – Communist transition in 1992–1996 has unexpectedly
returned the former communists (Labour Democratic Party of Lithuania) to the Olympus of power. They,
having controlled the Seimas (Parliament of Lithuania) and the Government, have performed the reasonable domestic and foreign policy, yet drawn – up by the program attitudes of Sàjûdis. The aims of one political party to
impose political dictate to all other political forces was not accepted by society. The complicated relations between
ruling majority and opposition have stimulated the political polarization of society as well as upgrow of the civic
enmity, and so prevented social development of civic society.