The State and Regions Government Role in the Innovation Transfer Process
Keywords:regional economic development, economic development policies, innovation transfer.
High technology development and innovation transfer process is one of the backgrounds for economic development
and modernization. The state and regional (local) administrative bodies are concerned in this field, because
they go by the assumption that science and technology fuel economic growth. But they misconstrue the transformation
of an innovative success to a market success process. The state and regional programs support explanations of
the innovation process that are relatively simple and linear. But the relationship of science to technology and technology
to economic growth is complex, interactive and iterative. To explain them the system approach is needed. Too
often government programs address the initial transfer of technology that leads to new products, but they do not
address the process improvements that are needed by firms for them to maintain a competitive status. The economic
impact and development are the end purpose of state and regional innovation transfer support initiatives. But state
technology transfer efforts should be viewed more in terms of a response to concerns over the competitiveness crisis.
The primary objective of local (regional) economic development policies, including technology–based policies, is to
provide jobs. It is obviously that entirely initiatives of state or private forces don’t suffice to make the technology
transfer process effective. But the participation of the state and local administration bodies in innovation transfer is
essential. The discussion whether the state is loosing its role in the regional development and innovation transfer
process area or not has no answers. There are some fields where the state has more competence, and some problems
that must be solved by regions themselves. The most effect can be getting participatory by state, local or regional
administration and business organizations or local communities.